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Barakah sahaba stories biography, sahabah, sahaabah, companion of prophet muhammad saw, sahabi, sahabi's
|Barakah R.A Sahaba
We do not know precisely how the young Abyssinian girl ended up for sale in Makkah. We do not know
her 'roots', who her mother was, or her father or her ancestors. There were many like her, boys and girls,
Arabs and non-Arabs, who were captured and brought to the slave market of the city to be sold.
A terrible fate awaited some who ended up in the hands of cruel masters or mistresses who exploited
their labor to the full and treated them with the utmost harsh ness.
A few in that inhuman environment were rather more fortunate. They were taken into the homes of more
gentle and caring people.
Barakah, the young Abyssinian girl, was one of the more fortunate ones. She was saved by the generous
and kind Abdullah, the son of Abd al-Muttalib. 'She became the only servant in his household and when
he was married, to the lady Aminah, she looked after her affairs as well.
Two weeks after the couple were married, according to Barakah, Abdullah's father came to their house
and instructed his son to go with a trading caravan that was leaving for Syria. Aminah was deeply
distressed and cried:
"How strange! How strange! How can my husband go on a trading journey to Syria while I am yet a
bride and the traces of henna are still on my hands."
Abdullah's departure was heartbreaking. In her anguish, Aminah fainted. Soon after he left, Barakah
said: "When I saw Aminah unconscious, I shouted in distress and pain: 'O my lady!' Aminah opened her
eyes and looked at me with tears streaming down her face. Suppressing a groan she said: "Take me to
"Aminah stayed bedridden for a long time. She spoke to no one. Neither did she look at anyone who
visited her except Abd al-Muttalib, that noble and gentle old man. "Two months after the departure of
Abdullah, Aminah called me at dawn one morning and, her face beaming with joy, she said to me:
"O Barakah! I have seen a strange dream." "Something good, my lady," I said.
"I saw lights coming from my abdomen lighting up the
mountains, the hills and the valleys around Makkah." "Do you feel pregnant, my lady?"
"Yes, Barakah," she replied. "But I do not feel any discomfort as other women feel." "You shall give
birth to a blessed child who will bring goodness," I said.
So long as Abdullah was away, Aminah remained sad and melancholic. Barakah stayed at her side
trying to comfort her and make her cheerful by talking to her and relating stories. Aminah however
became even more distressed when Abd al-Muttalib came and told her she had to leave her home and go
to the mountains as other Makkans had done because of an impending attack on the city by the ruler of
Yemen, someone called Abrahah. Aminah told him that she was too grief-striken and weak to leave for
the mountains but insisted that Abrahah could never enter Makkah and destroy the Kabah because it was
protected by the Lord. Abd al-Muttalib became very agitated but there was no sign of fear on Aminah's
face. Her confidence that the Kabah would not be harmed was well-founded. Abrahah's army with an
elephant in the vanguard was destroyed before it could enter Makkah.
Day and night, Barakah stayed beside Aminah. She said: "I slept at the foot of her bed and heard her
groans at night as she called for her absent husband. Her moans would awaken me and I would try to
comfort her and give her courage."
The first part of the caravan from Syria returned and was joyously welcomed by the trading families of
Makkah. Barakah went secretly to the house of Abd al-Muttalib to find out about Abdullah but had no
news of him. She went back to Aminah but did not tell her what she had seen or heard in order not to
distress her. The entire caravan eventually returned but not with Abdullah.
Later, Barakah was at Abd al-Muttalib's house when news came from Yathrib that Abdullah had died.
She said: "I screamed when I heard the news. I don't know what I did after that except that I ran to
Aminah's house shouting, lamenting for the absent one who would never return, lamenting for the
beloved one for whom we waited so long, lamenting for the most beautiful youth of Makkah, for
Abdullah, the pride of the Quraysh.
"When Aminah heard the painful news, she fainted and I stayed by her bedside while she was in a state
between life and death. There was no one else but me in Aminah's house. I nursed her and looked after
her during the day and through the long nights until she gave birth to her child, "Muhammad", on a night
in which the heavens were resplendent with the light of God."
When Muhammad was born, Barakah was the first to hold him in her arms. His grandfather came and
took him to the Kabah and with all Makkah, celebrated his birth. Barakah stayed with Aminah while
Muhammad was sent to the badiyah with the lady Halimah who looked after him in the bracing
atmosphere of the open desert. At the end of five years, he was brought back to Makkah and Aminah
received him with tenderness and love and Barakah welcomed him "with joy, longing and admiration".
When Muhammad was six years old, his mother decided to visit the grave of her husband, Abdullah, in
Yathrib. Both Barakah and Abd al-Muttalib tried to dissuade her. Aminah however was determined. So
one morning they set off- Aminah, Muhammad and Barakah huddled together in a small hawdaj
mounted on a large camel, part of a huge caravan that was going to Syria. In order to shield the tender
child from any pain and worry, Aminah did not tell Muhammad that she was going to visit the grave of
The caravan went at a brisk pace. Barakah tried to console Aminah for her son's sake and much of the
time the boy Muhammad slept with his arms around Barakah's neck.
The caravan took ten days to reach Yathrib. The boy Muhammad was left with his maternal uncles of
the Banu Najjar while Aminah went to visit the grave of Abdullah. Each day for a few weeks she stayed
at the grave. She was consumed by grief.
On the way back to Makkah, Aminah became seriously ill with fever. Halfway between Yathrib and
Makkah, at a place called al-Abwa, they stopped. Aminah's health deteriorated rapidly. One pitch dark
night, she was running a high temperature. The fever had got to her head and she called out to Barakah
in a choking voice.
Barakah related: "She whispered in my ear: 'O Barakah, I shall depart from this world shortly. I
commend my son Muhammad to your care. He lost his father while he was in my abdomen. Here he is
now, losing his mother under his very eyes. Be a mother to him, Barakah. And don't ever leave him.'
"My heart was shattered and I began to sob and wail. The child was distressed by my wailing and began
to weep. He threw himself into his mother's arms and held tightly onto her neck. She gave one last moan
and then was forever silent."
Barakah wept. She wept bitterly. With her own hands she dug a grave in the sand and buried Aminah,
moistening the grave with whatever tears were left in her heart. Barakah returned with the orphan child
to Makkah and placed him in the care of his grandfather. She stayed at his house to look after him.
When Abd al-Muttalib died two years later, she went with the child to the house of his uncle Abu Talib
and continued to look after his needs until he was grown up and married the lady Khadijah.
Barakah then stayed with Muhammad and Khadijah in a house belonging to Khadijah. "I never left him
and he never left me," she said. One day Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called
out to her and said: "Ya Ummah!" (He always called her "Mother".) "Now I am a married man, and you
are still unmarried. What do you think if someone should come now and ask to marry you?" Barakah
looked at Muhammad and said: "I shall never leave you. Does a mother abandon her son?" Muhammad
smiled and kissed her head. He looked at his wife Khadijah and said to her: "This is Barakah. This is my
mother after my own mother. She is the rest of my family."
Barakah looked at the lady Khadijah who said to her: "Barakah, you have sacrificed your youth for the
sake of Muhammad. Now he wants to pay back some of his obligations to you. For my sake and his,
agree to be married before old age overtakes you."
"Whom shall I marry, my lady?" asked Barakah. "There is here now Ubayd ibn Zayd from the Khazraj
tribe of Yathrib. He has come to us seeking your hand in marriage. For my sake, don't refuse."
Barakah agreed. She married Ubayd ibn Zayd and went with him to Yathrib. There she gave birth to a
son whom she called Ayman and from that time onwards people called her "Umm Ayman" the mother
Her marriage however did not last very long. Her husband died and she returned once more to Makkah
to live with her "son" Muhammad in the house of the lady Khadijah. Living in the same household at the
time were Ali ibn Abi Talib, Hind (Khadijah's daughter by her first husband), and Zayd ibn Harithah.
Zayd was an Arab from the tribe of Kalb who was captured as a boy and brought to Makkah to be sold
in the slave market. He was bought by Khadijah's nephew and put in her service. In Khadijah's
household, Zayd became attached to Muhammad and devoted himself to his service. Their relationship
was like that of a son to a father. Indeed when Zayd's father came to Makkah in search of him, Zayd was
given the choice by Muhammad of either going with his father or staying with him. Zayd's reply to his
"I shall never leave this man. He has treated me nobly, as a father would treat his son. Not a single day
have I felt that I am a slave. He has looked after me well. He is kind and loving towards me and strives
for my enjoyment and happiness. He is the most noble of men and the greatest person in creation. How
can I leave him and go with you?...I shall never leave him."
Later, in public Muhammad proclaimed the freedom of Zayd. However, Zayd continued to live with him
as part of his household and devoted himself to his service.
When Muhammad was blessed with prophethood, Barakah and Zayd were among the first to believe in
the message he proclaimed. They bore with the early Muslims the persecution which the Quraysh meted
out to them.
Barakah and Zayd performed invaluable services to the mission of the Prophet. They acted as part of an
intelligence service exposing themselves to the persecution and punishment of the Quraysh and risking
their lives to gain information on the plans and conspiracies of the mushrikin.
One night the mushrikun blocked off the roads leading to the House of al-Arqam where the Prophet
gathered his companions regularly to instruct them in the teachings of Islam. Barakah had some urgent
information from Khadijah which had to be conveyed to the Prophet. She risked her life trying to reach
the House of al-Arqam. When she arrived and conveyed the message to the Prophet, he smiled and said
"You are blessed, Umm Ayman. Surely you have a place in Paradise." When Umm Ayman left, the
Prophet looked at his companions and asked: "Should one of you desire to marry a woman from the
people of Paradise, let him marry Umm Ayman."
Ali the companions remained silent and did not utter a word. Umm Ayman was neither beautiful nor
attractive. She was by now about fifty years old and looked rather frail. Zayd ibn al-Harithah however
came forward and said:
"Messenger of Allah, I shall marry Umm Ayman. By Allah, she is better than women who have grace
Zayd and Umm Ayman were married and were blessed with a son whom they named Usamah. The
Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, loved Usamah as his own son. Often he played with
him, kissed him and fed him with his own hands. The Muslims would say: "He is the beloved son of the
beloved." From an early age Usamah distinguished himself in the service of lslam, and was later given
weighty responsibilities by the Prophet.
When the Prophet migrated to Yathrib, henceforth to be known as al-Madinah, he left Umm Ayman
behind in Makkah to look after certain special affairs in his household. Eventually she migrated to
Madinah on her own. She made the long and difficult journey through the desert and mountainous
terrain on foot. The heat was killing and sandstorms obscured the way but she persisted, borne along by
her deep love and attachment for Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace. When she
reached Madinah, her feet were sore and swollen and her face was covered with sand and dust.
"Ya Umm Ayman! Ya Ummi! (O Umm Ayman! O my mother!) Indeed for you is a place in Paradise!"
exclaimed the Prophet when he saw her. He wiped her face and eyes, massaged her feet and rubbed her
shoulders with his kind and gentle hands.
At Madinah, Umm Ayman played her full part in the affairs of the Muslims. At Uhud she distributed
water to the thirsty and tended the wounded. She accompanied the Prophet on some expeditions, to
Khaybar and Hunayn for example.
Her son Ayman, a devoted companion of the Prophet was martyred at Hunayn in the eighth year after
the Hijrah. Barakah's husband, Zayd, was killed at the Battle of Mutah in Syria after a lifetime of
distinguished service to the Prophet and Islam. Barakah at this time was about seventy years old and
spent much of her time at home. The Prophet, accompanied by Abu Bakr and Umar often visited her and
asked: "Ya Ummi! Are you well?" and she would reply: "I am well, O Messenger of Allah so long as
After the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had died, Barakah would often be found
with tears in her eyes. She was once asked, "Why are you crying?" and she replied: "By Allah, I knew
that the Messenger of Allah would die but I cry now because the revelation from on high has come to an
end for us."
Barakah was unique in that she was the only one who was so close to the Prophet throughout his life
from birth till death. Her life was one of selfless service in the Prophet's household. She remained deeply
devoted to the person of the noble, gentle and caring Prophet. Above all, her devotion to the religion of
Islam was strong and unshakable. She died during the caliphate of Uthman. Her roots were unknown but
her place in Paradise was assured.
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