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Muadh Ibn Jabal sahaba stories biography, sahabah, sahaabah, companion of prophet muhammad saw, sahabi, sahabi's
|Muadh Ibn Jabal R.A Sahaba
Muadh ibn Jabal was a young man growing up in Yathrib as the light of guidance and truth began to
spread over the Arabian peninsula. He was a handsome and Imposing character with black eyes and
curly hair and immediately impressed whoever he met. He was already distinguished for the sharpness
of his intelligence among young men of his own age.
The young Muadh became a Muslim at the hands of Musiab ibn Umayr, the da'iy (missionary) whom
the Prophet had sent to Yathrib before the hijrah. Muadh was among the seventy-two Yathribites who
journeyed to Makkah, one year before the hijrah, and met the Prophet at his house and later again in the
valley of Mina, outside Makkah, at Aqabah. Here the famous second Aqabah Pledge was made at which
the new Muslims of Yathrib, including some women, vowed to support and defend the Prophet at any
cost. Muadh was among those who enthusiastically clasped the hands of the blessed Prophet then and
pledged allegiance to him.
As soon as Muadh returned to Madinah from Makkah, he and a few others of his age formed a group to
remove and destroy idols from the houses of the mushrikeen in Yathrib. One of the effects of this
campaign was that a prominent man of the city, Amr ibn al-Jumuh, became a Muslim .
When the noble Prophet reached Madinah, Muadh ibn Jabal stayed in his company as much as possible.
He studied the Qur'an and the laws of Tslam until he became one of the most well-versed of all the
companions in the religion of Islam.
Wherever Muadh went, people would refer to him for legal judgements on matters over which they
differed. This is not strange since he was brought up in the school of the Prophet himself and learnt as
much as he could from him. He was the best pupil of the best teacher. His knowledge bore the stamp of
authenticity. The best certificate that he could have received came from the Prophet himself when he
"The most knowledgeable of my ummah in matters of halal and haram is Muadh ibn Jabal."
One of the greatest of Muadh's contributions to the ummah of Muhammad was that he was one of the
group of six who collected the Qur'an during the lifetime of the Prophet, peace be upon him. Whenever
a group of companions met and Muadh was among them, they would look at him with awe and respect
on account of his knowledge. The Prophet and his two Khalifahs after him placed this unique gift and
power in the service of Islam.
After the liberation of Makkah, the Quraysh became Muslims en masse. The Prophet immediately saw
the need of the new Muslims for teachers to instruct them in the fundamentals of Islam and to make
them truly understand the spirit and letter of its laws. He appointed Attab ibn Usay as his deputy in
Makkah and he asked Muadh ibn Jabal to stay with him and teach people the Qur'an and instruct them in
Sometime after the Prophet had returned to Madinah, messengers of the kings of Yemen came to him
announcing that they and the people of Yemen had become Muslims. They requested that some teachers
should be with them to teach Islam to the people. For this task the Prophet commissioned a group of
competent du'at (missionaries) and made Muadh ibn Jabal their amir. He then put the following question
"According to what will you judge?"
"According to the Book of God," replied Muadh.
"And if you find nothing therein?"
"According to the Sunnah of the Prophet of God."
"And if you find nothing therein?"
"Then I will exert myself (exercise ijtEhad) to form n own judgement." The Prophet was pleased with
this reply and said:
"Praise be to God Who has guided the messenger of the Prophet to that which pleases the Prophet."
The Prophet personally bade farewell to this mission of guidance and light and walked for some distance
alongside Muadh as he rode out of the city. Finally he said to him:
"O Muadh, perhaps you shall not meet me again after this year. Perhaps when you return you shall see
only my mosque and my grave."
Muadh wept. Those with him wept too. A feeling of sadness and desolation overtook him as he parted
from his beloved Prophet, peace and blessings of God be on him.
The Prophet's premonition was correct. The eyes of Muadh never beheld the Prophet after that moment.
The Prophet died before Muadh returned from the Yemen. There is no doubt that Muadh wept when he
returned to Madinah and found there was no longer the blessed company of the Prophet.
During the caliphate of Umar, Muadh was sent to the Banu Kilab to apportion their stipends and to
distribute the sadaqah of their richer folk among the poor. When he had done his duty, he returned to his
wife with his saddle blanket around his neck, empty handed, and she asked him:
"Where are the gifts which commissioners return with for their families?"
"I had an alert Supervisor who was checking over me," he replied.
"You were a trusted person with the messenger of God and with Abu Bakr. Then Umar came and he
sent a supervisor with you to check on you!" she exclaimed. She went on to talk about this to the women
of Umar's household and complained to them about it. The complaint eventually reached Umar, so he
summoned Muadh and said:
"Did I send a supervisor with you to check on you?"
"No, Amir al-Mu'mineen," he said, "But that was the only reason I could find to give her." Umar
laughed and then gave him a gift, saying,
"I hope this pleases you."
Also during the caliphate of Umar, the governor of Syria, Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan sent a message saying:
"O Amir al-Mu'mineen! The people of Syria are many. They fill the towns. They need people to teach
them the Qur'an and instruct them in the religion."
Umar thereupon summoned five persons who had collected the Qur'an in the lifetime of the Prophet,
peace be upon him. They were Muadh ibn Jabal, 'Ubadah ibn asSamit, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, Ubayy ibn
Ka'b and Abu adDardaa. He said to them:
"Your brothers in Syria have asked me to help them by sending those who can teach them the Qur'an
and instruct them in the religion. Please appoint three among you for this task and may God bless you. I
can select three of you myself if you do not want to put the matter to the vote."
"Why should we vote?" they asked. "Abu Ayyub is quite old and Ubayy is a sick man. That leaves three
"All three of you go to Homs first of all. If you are satisfied with the condition of the people there, one
of you should stay there, another should go to Damascus and the other to Palestine."
So it was that 'Ubadah ibn as-Samit was left at Homs, Abu ad-Dardaa went to Damascus and Muadh
went to Palestine. There Muadh fell ill with an infectious disease. As he was near to death, he turned in
the direction of the Ka'bah and repeated this refrain:
"Welcome Death, Welcome. A visitor has come after a long absence . . ."
And looking up to heaven, he said:
"O Lord, You know that I did not desire the world and to prolong my stay in it . . . O Lord, accept my
soul with goodness as you would accept a believing soul . . ."
He then passed away, far from his family and his clan, a da'iy in the service of God and a muhajEr in
Scanned from: "Companions of The Prophet", Vol.1, By: Abdul Wahid Hamid.
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